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Hazing
Hazing Information

WHAT IS HAZING?

HAZING is defined as any intentional, knowing, or reckless act, occurring on or off the campus of an educational institution, by one person alone or acting with others, directed against an individual that endangers the mental or physical health or safety of a student for the purpose of pledging, being initiated into, affiliating with, holding office in, or maintaining membership in any organization whose members are or include students at an educational institution, including but is not limited to the following:

This policy provides that “hazing” includes but is not limited to any of the following that is associated with pledging, being initiated into, affiliating with, participating in, holding office in, or maintaining membership in any organization:

(1) Physical brutality, such as whipping, beating, striking, branding, burning, shoving electronic shocking, blindfolding, paddle swats, bondage or restriction, or placing of a harmful substance on the body, or similar activity.

(2) Physical activity, such as sleep, food or drink deprivation, exposure to the elements, confinement in a small space, calisthenics, forced exercise, jogs or runs that subjects the other person to an unreasonable risk of harm or that adversely affects the physical health or safety of the individual or causes severe emotional distress.

(3) Activity involving consumption of food, liquid, or any other substance, including but not limited to an alcoholic beverage or drug, that subjects the individual to an unreasonable risk of harm or that adversely affects the physical health or safety of the individual or causes severe emotional distress.

(4) Requiring or coercing someone to perform public stunts, buffoonery, personal or group servitude (washing cars, running errands, cleaning), wearing apparel which is uncomfortable, conspicuous or not normally in good taste.

(5) Creating, inflicting or requiring any activity that detracts from adequate study or class time or productive work; or any activity that is not consistent with the academic mission of the University of Louisiana Monroe. For example, any activity or situation that keeps an individual from less than six uninterrupted hours of sleep.

(6) Bullying, degrading, humiliating, ridiculing or harassing an individual or group through words or deeds: line-ups or interrogations; name calling; threats or lies.

(7) Activity that induces, causes, or requires an individual to break a university, local, state or federal law or policy. The law provides exceptions for normal physical activity associated with athletics, physical education, military training, or similar programs.

(8) Activity that includes nudity.


 

 

 Louisiana Hazing Law

Hazing in any form, or the use of any method of initiation into fraternal organizations in any educational institution supported wholly or in part by public funds, which is likely to cause bodily danger or physical punishment to any student or other person attending any such institution is prohibited.

Whoever violates the provisions of this Section shall be fined not less than ten dollars nor more than one hundred dollars, or imprisoned for not less than ten days nor more than thirty days, or both, and in addition, shall be expelled from the educational institution and not permitted to return during the current session or term in which the violation occurs.

RS 17:183. Hazing; public elementary and secondary students; intent and findings; definitions; policies

A.  (1)  It is the intent of the legislature that every public elementary and secondary school in this state shall be a safe, orderly, civil, and positive learning environment so that no student in this state feels threatened while in school.

(2)  The legislature finds that while some forms of initiation for membership in student clubs and organizations constitute acceptable behavior, the hazing of students may degenerate into a dangerous form of intimidation and degradation.

B.  (1)  As used in this Section, “hazing” means any knowing behavior, whether by commission or omission, of any student to encourage, direct, order, or participate in any activity which subjects another student to potential physical, mental, or psychological harm for the purpose of initiation or admission into, affiliation with, continued membership in, or acceptance by existing members of any organization or extracurricular activity at a public elementary or secondary school, whether such behavior is planned or occurs on or off school property, including any school bus and school bus stop.

(2)  Hazing does not mean any adult-directed and school-sanctioned athletic program practice or event or military training program.

C.  Hazing is prohibited in public elementary and secondary schools.
D.  (1)  Each city, parish, and other local public school board shall develop, adopt, and post a policy to enforce the prohibition in this Section against hazing and to prevent its occurrence.

(2)  Each such policy shall include, at a minimum, the following:

(a)  A statement that hazing of students, as defined in Subsection B of this Section, is prohibited.

(b)  A statement that any solicitation to engage in hazing is prohibited.

(c)  A statement that aiding and abetting another person who engages in hazing is prohibited.

(d)  A statement that consent of the hazing victim is not a defense.

(e)  A statement that all students, teachers, and other school employees shall take reasonable measures within the scope of their individual authority to prevent violations of the policy.

(f)  A description of the procedures for students, teachers, and other school employees to report violations of the policy and the procedures to file a complaint for a violation of the policy.

(g)  Procedures to investigate reports or complaints of violations of the policy.

(h)  A description of the circumstances under which a violation of the policy shall be reported to the appropriate law enforcement agency.

(i)  A description of the appropriate penalties and appeal mechanisms for persons that violate the policy.

E.  Nothing in this Section shall be construed to limit or exclude prosecution of or punishment for any crime or to limit the right to pursue any civil remedy.


 

Definitions You Should Know...

 

Organization: is a fraternity, sorority, association, corporation, order, society, corps, cooperative, club, service group, social group, band, spirit group, athletic team, or similar group whose members are primarily students at, or former students of, a post-secondary education institution, including the national or parent organization of which any of the underlying entities provided for in this definition is a sanctioned or recognized member at the time of the hazing.

Pledging: is any action or activity related to becoming a member of an organization, including recruitment and rushing.

Appropriate authority includes:

  • Any state or local law enforcement agency.
  • A 911 Public Safety Answering Point as defined in Title 33 of the Louisiana Revised Statutes of 1950.
  • Emergency medical personnel.

 Reckless behavior: is an activity or behavior in which a reasonable person knew or reasonably should have known that the activity or behavior may result in injury to another, including but not limited to excessive consumption of alcohol, binge drinking, drag racing, consumption of any controlled dangerous substance, acts of hazing, or other similar activity.

 Serious bodily injury: is bodily injury that involves unconsciousness, extreme physical pain, or protracted and obvious disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty, death, or a substantial risk of death.


Hazing Myths and Facts

  • Myth #1:  “Hazing is a problem for fraternities and sororities primarily.”
    • FACT:  Hazing is a societal problem.  Hazing incidents have been frequently documented in the military, athletic teams, marching bands, religious cults, professional schools and other types of clubs and/or, organizations.  Reports of hazing activities in high schools are on the rise.

 

What You Should Know About Hazing

- More than half of college students involved in clubs, teams, and organizations experience hazing.

- 82% of deaths from hazing involve alcohol.

- Individuals CANNOT consent to being hazed.

- Just because a majority of the members of an organization are not involved in a hazing incident does not mean the organization is not responsible.

- Hazing is not just associated with athletes and Greek-lettered organizations.  It occurs across a wide spectrum of organizations.

 


 

HAZING IN STUDENT GROUPS

Student Group

Percent

Varsity Athletes

74%

Social Fraternity or Sorority

73%

Club Sport

64%

Performing Arts Organization

56%

Service Fraternity or Sorority

50%

Intramural Team

49%

Recreation Club

42%

*Other

30%

Academic Club

28%

Honor Society

20%

Allan & Madden, 2008, hazingstudy.org

 

*Other includes religiously-affiliated organizations, culture clubs and organizations, and student government


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