Dr. B's Faculty Webpage Last updated:   June 27,  2020    

How Do I Get My Files On The Internet?
You need free software to upload files to your ULM online account.  NOTE: As of 2017, you need to use 5530 for the "FTP Port" setting in order to access your ULM student website account with an "FTP" (file transfer) application.  Visual Webpage With Menu Template
If you are a graduate student, adapt this template to adapt your "visual professional diary reflections" in a webpage!  (Visual step-by-step tutorial provided.)
Useful ULM Links
Current Standards (External Links)
(Updated February 2016) 
"HOTS" (Higher Order Thinking Skills)
Superb Academic Resources
File Templates

Calendars -- Very Useful!


Template For Creating A "Printed Booklet"
  • Edit this "booklet" template for early grades. With some scissors, glue, and a stapler, you'll assemble an 8-10 page "booklet"..  

Working Templates

Interactive Online Audio Applications (Open Source)

Instructor Contact Information
Michael Beutner, Ph.D., Instructional Technology
Associate Professor, Instructional Technology
Coordinator, Instructional Technology Graduate Program
University of Louisiana at Monroe  (ULM)

Postal Address
Mike Beutner, Instructional Technology,
Walker Hall 2-25,
School Of Education
University of Louisiana at Monroe (ULM)
700 University Avenue  71209     USA

Office Phone/Voice Mail: (318) 342-3142
Office: Walker Hall 2-25
Email :

Recommended Way To Send Email
When sending email, include this text in the subject line:

CORS4567YourFirstName YourLastName, YourTopic

Substitute "CORS" ("course") with the course letters and "4567" with the course number. Then, add your own first and last name and your own topic. This helps me to answer email MUCH more quickly! In some cases, you may want to include your cell phone number if an issue is complex or technical.
Always contact me if you have any concerns!

Office Hours: Summer, 2020  

During the Covid-19 crisis, Dr. Beutner works from home and responds to email (

 Please do not rely on voice messages to his ULM office phone voice mail. When you send an email, always include your phone number. 

Dr. Mike Beutner, Walker Hall 2-25         Office Hours Printout  
Monday: 3:00 - 5:00 PM  "Virtual Hours"
Use email only. 
Tuesday: 2:00 - 5:00 PM
Walker Hall 2-25
Wednesday: 4:00 - 6:00 PM
Walker Hall 2-25
Thursday: 2:00 - 5:00 PM
Walker Hall 2-25 
Friday: By confirmed appointment. 
These times are based on USA Central Standard Time (CST).  
(Additional hours are available by confirmed appointment.)

Office number: (318) 342.3142  If you leave a voice message on this office number, always say your phone number TWICE.  Send email to

"LiveText" Required 
Q. What is "LiveText"?
A. "LiveText" is used by the ULM School of Education as an online commercial serv
ice application ( for storing digital course content for certification evidence of high quality. In order to receive a course grade in the School of Education, you need an active LiveText account.

Q. If I don't have a LiveText account, does that mean that I won't get a grade for a School of Education course?
A. That's correct. The course syllabus describes this strict requirement. If your LiveText requirement is not satisfied, you will not earn a grade in your course. 

Q. How do I get a LiveText account?
A. You need to pay for your LiveText subscription.
You are required to have one paid active subscription of LiveText in order to receive course credit for School of Education courses.  

Q. Do I need a LiveText account for each of my courses?
A. You need just one active Livetext account for all of your courses.

Q. When I get a 
LiveText account, what do I need to do?
A. After you activate your 
LiveText account, write down your login and password. Then, follow the instructions for registering your account by supplying the requested information. 

Q. I need to ask one more time: If I don't pay for a LiveText account, for any reason, does that really mean that I won't be able to get course credit?
A. That's right. This is a strict College policy. You need to purchase a LiveText subscription and successfully submit specified files at the end of the semester for any School of Education  course in order to get a course grade.

General Resources
Academic Search Complete Tutorials
These two different "visual document tutorials", created by students, describe how to access ULM's online research databases of thousands of peer-reviewed academic journal articles. The directions show how to access this valuable ULM resource remotely:

(Official) Login Directions For Off-Campus Access To ULM Library Databases

Visual Tutorial A
Visual Tutorial B
Academic Search Complete (a huge online database of academic journals) 

Finding Lesson Resources: An Example
This student-created example describes how visual descriptions can be used to provide familiarity with professional goals, like finding lessons online.

Example Of A Powerpoint Presentation Used At A Technology Conference
This Powerpoint presentation was used at a technology conference to demonstrate a "new way" to teach problem solving with technology.

eFolio Summary
This page summarizes strategies for creating an interactive electronic portfolio.

Accessing ULM Library Resources Online, From Off-Campus

Accessing Academic Search Complete
ULM offers excellent online databases of very useful information. Make sure you become very familiar with this resource! This excellent guide, developed by students, describes, step by step, how to use this very important research tool

Evaluating Web Pages
This Berkeley University Library site describes ways to evaluate websites. Related terms to consider: currency, credibility, accuracy, authority.

Video: Capturing an Image
This video shows how to capture any portion of a screen display as an image that you can paste into Word, Powerpoint, or Excel.

Video: Getting Started With Powerpoint
This video will show you how to make a simple Powerpoint presentation.

Video: Using Microsoft Paint
This video demonstrates the features of Paint by drawing an apple before your eyes.

Audio: Reducing Calories (MP3)
This 3-minute audio "MP3" file (711K) from National Public Radio describes a way for kids to lose weight. 

Audio: Sample Music File (WAV)
This is a 20-second audio "WAV" file (910K) that you can use for experimentation.

Advanced Webpage Editing
Advanced users may be interested in creating internal hyperlinks, within one webpage. Here's how:

Jeopardy-Style Quiz Questions
Feel free to modify or adapt this Powerpoint file in any way you like to create a "Jeopardy quiz" for your class:

Bingo Template
This is a wonderful way to use Excel to create Bingo games out of class content:

Trifold Template

Make a "trifold" pamphlet with this template:

Interactive "About Me"

Edit this interactive Powerpoint file template: 

Interactive Menu Example

This Powerpoint file template demonstrates how to create an interactive menu example.

For Graduate School

Want to improve your vocabulary? You might want to check this list of words used frequently in exams for graduate school admission:

Class Name Tag
(No Photo)
This class name tag template may come in very handy in the future. You may use it freely.

Electronic Portfolio Template

This template, in Zip file format, contains a folder and 13 files. You need to "extract" the files to your USB flash drive.


Here's how to avoid many common scams with email:

Sample Excel Grade Book

Here's a sample grade book that can be adapted for grading of a class:

Quality Cycle
AAAA Quality Cycle
Every improvement in quality or achievement involves an "iterative process" or "feedback loop" based on 4 interdependent and distinct steps. Every team that uses this model will become more effective in reaching its goals. Every school that uses the Quality Cycle will become a better place for students to learn and grow.

To simplify the process, substitute the words "plan", "organize", and "coordinate" with the single word "agree".  Consensus is the foundation for long-term systemic change.

Math For Young Learners
Here are wonderful math games for young learners of mathematics:

Thousands Of Math Videos
This unusual site offers teachers thousands of standards-based videos on math.

Working Memory
This "breezy" blog article describes very succinctly how working memory works and what strategies are involved in enhancing learning.

Instructional Design, Simplified
This excellent resource describes the instructional design process very nicely.

Young Learners: Colors!
This interactive audio example demonstrates how young learners can read the words for colors by touching or clicking on objects to hear audio. (This online application was developed for use on interactive classroom boards.)

This webpage is a general storage area of online resources maintained by Dr. Mike Beutner ("Dr. B") for use in graduate and undergraduate Instructional Technology courses at the University of Louisiana at Monroe. "Storage area" is an accurate term. Feel free to use and modify any resources that I've developed, without permission. To see the most recent version, click on the "refresh" or "reload" button in your browser menu. 

Upcoming Events In Louisiana: Mark Your Calendar! 

Annual LACUE Conference, 2020    (CANCELLED Due To Covid-19 Virus)
"LACUE" (Louisiana Association of Computer Using Educators) is the largest and most active professional organization of Louisiana educators with a membership of over 10,000 K-12 teachers. Since 1985, LACUE's mission has been to "provide a professional nonprofit organization in the State of Louisiana which recognizes and promotes the use of technology in education. The annual conference draws approximately 2,000 educators. LACUE membership is free. The 2020 conference will take place at the Hyatt Regency,  in New Orleans during the end of the year. Details:

The conference includes many, many dozens of professional development sessions for educators... who want to learn more about how to effectively integrate technology into any curriculum. Please submit a conference presentation proposal electronically during the Fall of 2020. It takes only a few minutes to send a brief proposal about presenting on any topic related to technology and education. LACUE is the state affiliate for "ISTE" (International Society for Technology in Education); "ISTE" sets standards in all states for teacher accreditation related to the integration of technology in education. The ISTE Advocacy Network shares information about digital age learning policy and tools to help promote change. Join this active network for access to state and federal ed tech policies, practical resources to support advocacy efforts, and opportunities to connect with peers, and more.

Technology Challenge 2020!    (CANCELLED Due To Covid-19 Virus)
The Annual Louisiana High School Technology Challenge ( will take place as an online competition on Wednesday morning before Mardi Gras, March 11, 2020. It will mark the 14th consecutive annual online high school competition in the great state of Louisiana. We hope your high school will participate! Mark your calendar!  Team registrations will be limited to the first 50 high schools. Any high school in Louisiana is eligible to participate. Team registrations will begin in January of 2020.

All communications regarding high school registrations should be directed to this email address:
Complimentary T-shirt/Medallion!! 
You can pick up a  free T-shirt or a nice and solid 2" diameter medallion (for creating a brief rhyming story (10-15 slides with each slide accompanying a rhyming "couplet" for earlly readers that becomes an open source online interactive audio reading story; here are working examples of "read-alongs" designed for young readers (K - Grade 3):. If postal delivery is involved, postage will be free if funds for postage are available.

The content that you author will be used to create a "fliplet". Here is a workding example of an interactive audio reading application called  "Polar Bear and Tiger":

Details for submitting your rhyming story:

Interactive Audio Stories For Young Readers
This is a link to a growing list of interactive audio stories for young readers:

Interested in contributing your skills? Just create fun opportunities for young readers to encourage a love for reading. Write brief rhyming stories... like these... for young readers:
01  A Tasty Treat

02  Let's go in the kitchen and find a tasty treat.
03  Maybe... something small, but surely something sweet!

04  Reach down in the cookie jar and what do we find?
05  One cookie left! Will it be yours or mine?

06  Since I saw it first... the cookie belongs to me.
07  "But, that's not fair at all!", you loudly disagree.

08  You want the cookie, too. But, that's not fair for me.
09  We need a better plan. I wonder what that could be?

10  I have an idea! Maybe we could share!
11  If we both get half... doesn't that sound fair?

12  So, we break the cookie in half... and we're both happy in the end...
13  ...because cookies are no fun unless you share with a friend!
01  My Favorite Numbers, 1 To 10

02  One red car has breakfast at his house.
03  He eats cheese with his pet gray mouse.

04  Two orange dump trucks are going to the store.
05  They roll in through the big sliding door.

06  Three little boys walk in the shopping mall.
07  They get lost until they hear their Mama call.

08  Four green race cars are racing in the park.
09  They play and laugh and go home when it’s dark.

10  Five blue trucks are eating their supper.
11  Tonight, they have bread with peanut butter.

12  Six purple police cars want ice cream.
13  Papa gives them two scoops and they all scream.

14  Seven pink scooters need a shower.
15  They all beg “Let us play ANOTHER hour!”

16  Eight brown bicycles are bathed and clean.
17  They put their dirty clothes in the washing machine.

18  Nine gray airplanes begin to yawn.
19  Mama tells them to put their pajamas on.

20  Ten black helicopters snuggle so tight.
21  Mama and Papa tuck them in for the night.

22  Goodnight, goodnight! Sleep so tight.
23  And, don’t let the bed bugs bite!
01  Bob And His Pet Frog

02  There once was a little boy; his name was Bob.
03  He was a young lad; he loved to jog.

04  He was out on a run one day...
05  ...careless... playing... and having lots of fun.

06  He did not notice there was a log.
07  He tripped over it and he hurt a frog.

08  Before this tragedy had even begun...
09  .. he had no friends to play with... in the sun.

10  Bob and the frog became good old friends.
11  They were there for each other until the very end.

12  The moral of the story... anyone can see...
13 that you can always find a friend, especially... in me!

Q. Yes, I'd really like to write a short rhyming story (100-150 words). Do I have to narrate it?
A. No, you don't have to narrate the story. We can find someone to read your story. Just agree to allow your story to be "open source". Here's the link for contributing your original rhyming story:

Q. I don't want to write a story. But, I'm willing to read someone else's story. Is that OK?
A. Yes, that's possible. There is a "Media Lab" audio recording studio on the second floor of Walker Hall on the ULM campus. Expect to spend about 10 minutes to read a brief rhyming story. Since the Media Lab is very quiet, the audio quality will be excellent, comparable to the working examples listed above. Expect a free customized T-shirt.

Q. I'm interested in the digital production of image and audio files. Is that OK?
A. Yes! This is an open source initiative. Each interactive audio story project requires "post-production" for editing and "coding". If you contribute your technical assistance, you will learn a lot!  Expect a free customized T-shirt.

Q. Can I learn how to use my own media and "code" my own online rhyming story?
A. Yes! The "software framework" is open source. Contact Dr. Mike Beutner directly. Here is his contact information.

Q. How many interactive online audio rhyming stories do you want to create for young readers? 
A. Our first goal is to have 100 free interactive online audio stories online by early 2019! We want to encourage a love for reading. It's a great cause because it could impact the lives of many young learners because:
  1. Reading content is "curated" for quality by the School of Education.
  2. No costs are involved.... ever
  3. The online "read-along" applications are available for years to come on the website
  4. It is always available to children who need it the most. Children can use a cell phone or any device to engage with an online "read-along" application.
  5. It's 100% open source. Teachers can author and create their own "read-alongs" at no cost.
  6. It's ours. This is a 100% "Made In Louisiana" product! 
  7. If a child does not understand a word, the interactive audio provides enough support to continue WITHOUT a sense of failure
  8. The distraction-free "instructional design" of the "read-alongs" encourages young readers to enjoy and even love reading.    
Funding Opportunities, K-12 Classrooms, Schools, Districts
This is an actively updated list of grant funding sources sorted by application due date and by institution type for K-12 institutions in the United States.

Instructional Design Best Practices
"Rapid eLearning" Tutorials In Instructional Design
This free website is one of the best sources for current professional practical tutorials of "best practices" in eLearning. You can access video tutorials designed for teachers and eLearning professionals to produce online interactive learning content. Although this very popular website is supported by a software company called Articulate (Articulate sells GREAT expensive software.), this site by Tom Kuhlman does cover MANY creative and interactive ways to use very popular software applications. You will be surprised what you can do with advanced applications of Powerpoint. This is an EXCELLENT compilation of advanced tutorials for developing practical online eLearning content.

"HOTS" Questions
The use of "HOTS (Higher Order Thinking Skills) questions" distinguishes good teachers from excellent teachers. 

Simply asking 1 or 2 "HOTS" questions during each class can transform teaching.

Based on the original work during the 1950s of Benjamin Bloom in his taxonomy (classification) of educational objectives, the "cognitive domain" of learning has 6 categories: knowledge, comprehension, analysis, application, synthesis, and evaluation (mnemonic: "Keep cool at all summer events."). The first two categories, knowledge and comprehension, are based, entirely or mostly, on recall. The remaining 4 categories are considered as "higher order thinking".  (Note: These "classic" categories are being updated into revised categories.)

This "Taxonomy of Knowledge" is being updated in various versions. The key idea is that "higher order" thinking primarily involves the processing of information instead of memorizing it. So, HOTS questions are, by definition, "open-ended". It's possible to answer a HOTS question, correctly, in different ways. 

Webpage Templates For Graduate Courses (Version: March 2017)
These two HTML templates demonstrate sharing digital content using visuals. (These examples describe learning resources for the Praxis exam.) You can edit and adapt the files with Kompozer, a free HTML editor:

This is a basic HTML file or "webpage" template that includes visuals that actively link to online files:
This template includes a link to directions on editing the file.

This working version includes the same content with a menu:

Both of these HTML templates are in this "zip file". Download and "extract":

You need to type in 5530 for the FTP Port setting of your FTP application, like WinSCP, to access your ULM student website account. In WinSCP, the FTP Port setting is located next to the Host Name ( Otherwise, you won't be able to access your online account.
Open Source Portable Publishing Kit (Windows Software)  (Updated Version: "AH")
If you use Windows, this updated "portable publishing kit" contains 5 free "portable" applications that can run directly from your USB flash drive. Click on the image to download the 33 megabyte "zip" file.  

Document Template, Visual Project Proposal For Some Graduate Courses
In some graduate courses, use this updated document template to describe your course project as a course project proposal. Edit the document and include your own "cognitive map" that visually identifies 10 or so files that you will create for your intended course project. By the end of the semester, you will upload this file and your project files to your ULM website account. Consider your proposal as a "blueprint" for creating an online interactive professional portfolio ("eFolio").

Plain Document Template For "A Visual Reflection Topic"
This is a plain document template for an assigned reflection. This format encourages the use of visual and active web-linked resources. Directions for "capturing" and "modifying the layout" of an image are included. Edit or adapt this template, as needed, and save it as your reflection.

Enhanced Document Template: "A Visual Reflection Topic With Cognitive Map"
Use this document template with cognitive map for your assigned reflections. A cognitive map is included. This format encourages visualizing whatever a teaching professional would be interested in. Directions for "capturing", "modifying the layout" of an image, and linking are included. Edit this template and save it as your reflection.

A Document Template For "A Visual Academic Paper" (With Bibliography)

Use this document template for a visual academic paper. This format encourages the use of visual and linked elements, including an optional "cognitive map". There is a section for a bibliography to list your references in APA format. APA guidelines are described and included in the bibliography section with sample entries.  Use the recommended website to format your APA citations.

Project Proposal Template (Graduate Students)
Use this document template to describe your project proposal. Notice that you include a visual "cognitive map" to describe your key points.
In this template, describe your cited sources and link to your online resources in the reference section.

A Brief Grant Proposal
This is a sample 1-page successful grant proposal. Sometimes, being brief and succinct may be beneficial. The main point is to be clear and direct about the need, the benefits, the costs, how "it" will be accomplished by whom and when. 

Powerpoint Template 1  (Generic, With Navigation Arrows and Interactive Menu)
This generic template can be adapted for any type of Powerpoint presentation. The first slide includes an interactive menu. This template includes active links for "Previous", "Next", and "First Slide". Edit freely.

Powerpoint Template 2  (Visual Menu, With Navigation Arrows)
This visual menu template can be adapted for very young learners. This template includes active links for "Previous", "Next", and "First Slide". Edit freely.

Powerpoint Template 3  (100% Visual Menu, Lesson Introduction, No Words, With Navigation Arrows, Link To An Online Video)
This 100% visual menu template can be adapted to introduce a lesson without words. It's particularly useful for very young learners. This template includes active links for "Previous", "Next", and "First Slide". Edit freely. As you display the images, ask questions and let students actively say what they feel or think. It's very possible to spend a minute or two on a single slide. Allow students to express themselves openly. Listen to what students say; this provides a very rich and accurate "probe" of what they already know... or don't know. Do not use this time for correcting mistakes or formal teaching. Just ask questions or provide encouraging comments; but, don't provide answers. Use this time to "prime the pump" and get all students focused and prepared for the lesson; students will get interested and curious if you let them communicate freely. Edit freely.

Powerpoint Template 4  (Generic Menu, Navigation Arrows, "Kiosk")
This visual menu template has a generic menu and navigation arrows in "kiosk" mode; only clicks on active hyperlinks work. Edit freely.

8-10 Page Visual Booklet Template From A Single Powerpoint File 

Avoid "Death By Powerpoint"
Click on the image below to view this 4-minute-long classic Youtube video. 
Click on this image to view the video.

A Sample "Webquest" Assignment
This Powerpoint file describes a way for students to solve problems using a relevant example that can be solved with online information found by students working cooperatively. This example includes a sample math webquest.

"About Me" Interactive Powerpoint Presentation (Kiosk Mode)
This interactive Powerpoint template includes editable topics with various types of hyperlinks.

Lesson Description Template (Updated)
Use this Word document template to briefly describe a "lesson outline" of a 1-hour-long lesson that you can enhance with technology. The document includes directions. 

Your Online Electronic Portfolio ("eFolio") 
Updated: Summer 2017:  
HTML Webpage "eFolio" Template
This eFolio template describes a project for a course called EDIT "6083". This online "electronic portfolio" example is by James Truxillo, a graduate student. (Thanks, James!) Consider it as a template that you may freely adapt. Originally, this was the Internet address of his online eFolio ("electronic portfolio):
      However, the website account is no longer active after he graduates. Still, you can download a zip file copy of his eFolio by following the directions below.

Notice that the eFolio design is very visual with active linked images that "light up" when the mouse rolls over them ("mouse rollovers"). You will find it includes "internal links" by using "anchors". Here is the organization of the eFolio template:

Click here to download this eFolio template as a "zipped file" (approximately 8.5 megabytes). After you "unzip" the template, use the free Kompozer HTML editor to edit the index.html file. You can rename 6083 to another folder name; if you uploaded the entire folder (with all included folders and files) to your ULM website account, the Internet address or "URL" would be:

Click here to view the detailed visual tutorial for editing and uploading the eFolio template as your own online eFolio.

Notice that the images used in the eFolio are "image captures" of online files created by James for his project; the "captured" image files are located in the img folder. Notice also that the actual "project files" are stored in the bin folder. Finally, notice that the images actively link to his "project files". So, when someone clicks on an image of a "project file", that particular online project file opens.

Common Questions About Your eFolio
Q. So, can I replace the files in the "bin" folder with my own "project files"? 
A. Yes. Copy your own "project files" into the "bin" folder. Be careful how you name your files, as explained here:

Q. Is there something I can look over to get the "basics" for "uploading" files to my ULM website account?
A. Yes, there is something you can look at. Just click on the following link: The Basics: Uploading A File To Your ULM Student Website Account

Q. Then, I replace the image files in the "img" folder with my own "image captures" of my own files....  and, save my image files in the "img" folder, right?
A. Right! You should have one image file of each of your own "project files"; all of your "captured" image files should be in the img folder..

Q. Then, I do some editing of the index.html file with Kompozer, right?
A. Right! Insert your images into the HTML file. Then, link each image to that particular project file.

Q. Is there something I look over to get an idea how to use the free "Kompozer" HTML editor?
A. Sure! Click on this link: Advanced: Editing HTML With "Kompozer", A Free HTML Editor
(Note: The visual tutorial is older than this new eFolio template. Just keep that in mind when you see a link to download the old template.)

Q. When I'm finished, I upload the entire folder (using a folder name of my choice) to my ULM website account. Right?
A. Right! Your eFolio folder contains folders and files. When you use an "FTP" application, you can copy everything at once by "dragging the folder" into your online website account public_html folder.

Q. I forgot the name of the "server name". What is it?
A. When you want to upload your files to your online account, you need to specify the "server name". The name of the server for ULM student website accounts is  
Also, you need to specify 5530 for the "FTP Port Setting".

Q. How can I view my eFolio on the Internet?
A. This is the "URL" of your your eFolio:
Just replace yourlogin with your ULM login and replace yourfoldername with the name of the eFolio folder.

Visual HTML "Webpage" Templates That You Can Adapt

Note that the templates describe Praxis resources with linked visuals. The "templates" consist of several folders that contain files. Note that when you edit this example, you'll need to keep the folders together in a common folder because the folders and files "work together".  

Features Of This Template
1. You can create your own visual content on a single HTML webpage or HTML file. In this example, the HTML file is called praxis.html  Of course, you can change that file name to a different file name... like reflections.html and edit as you like.
2. The "captured" image files are located in a folder called img
3. The content files are located in a folder called bin
4. After you edit the HTML file with "Kompozer", the free HTML editor, the images directly link to the files located in the bin folder. So, when a person clicks on a linked image, the online file opens. 
5. The "zip file" contains the files and folders of the templates. 
6. Again, the template structure is important. Keep the files and folders "together" inside of a common online folder. When you "upload", upload the entire common folder; this assures that everything will work.

Consider the examples as "templates" that you can study and adapt... by replacing existing content with your own content. What content? Display your own visual reflections of your professional diary. Then, link to your online professional diary file, most likely a Powerpoint file.

Q. What should I do first?
A. Learn how the files and work together. Get familiar. 

Q. What do I use to edit the HTML file called praxis.html?
A. Use an HTML editor. The recommended (and free!) HTML editor is Kompozer

Q. Should I really just "play" by editing the template... and make lots of attempts to edit it?
A. Yes. That is the best way to learn how to do this.

Q. Will I make lots of mistakes?
A. Probably. Everyone does.

Q. Should I use the forums to get and provide assistance?
A. Yes.

Q. Eventually, will I be expected to create captured images of my visual reflections and actively link them to my own online files?
A. Yes. When you create your own captured image files, save them to the img folder; then, edit the HTML file using Kompozer. You can link each captured image file to any of your own online files.

Q. Is this really hard to do?
A. It is straightforward. I recommend that you "unzip" the zip file containing the template. Then, upload the folder that contains the "praxis" folder to a new folder called praxis in your online ULM website account. The active link will be:

Try it! Then, play with it. Then, rename the folder and the html file.... in a series of explorations... of editing and re-uploading.... As you do this, always use the "F5" key on your keyboard or the "Refresh" icon to refresh your browser. After you are convinced you know how it works, then, continue editing.

Making An "Active Worksheet" (With File Template)
This visual tutorial shows how to make an "active worksheet" that you can use as a graded activity to support any classroom instruction with online resources:

This is the file template for the active worksheet described in the tutorial.

Recommended FREE Software And Online Applications
This free website is designed as an easy-to-use teaching resource. You can develop your own online content... easily. This resource can supplement any type of curriculum or training with easy-to-use resources. 

Elementary Math Drills
Elementary Math interactive drills. Practical and useful for guided practice. 

"Scootpad" includes many features for elementary education. All interactive assessments are based on the Common Core for early grades.  

Khan's Academy
For those poor souls "lost" in university math courses, there is help, indeed. This comprehensive series of math videos can help anyone follow the step-by-step mechanics for solving complex problems that appear on exams. Very highly recommended. Thanks to a major grant from the Gates Foundation, this site also offers outstanding videos for a number of new subject areas. Recently, a test preparation section was added for review of the SAT and ACT exams. And, if you want to get intimidated, take a look at an introduction to applied math in computer programming:

If you are interested in creating a free "blog", this is an easy way to do that. 

You need to spend a few minutes with this free online application to see what it allows you to create, instantly: a composite of notes, images, and linkable sites in a variety of ways. In fact, it's difficult to describe what you can do. Highly recommended!

Print Friendly
Save printing costs! Save trees! Create PDF files easily of online articles, with proper attribution of a copyrighted source by citing the online location. Eliminate printing needless clutter when using online sources. This resource saves trees! 
"Print Friendly" automatically provides a linked reference citation to make any articles you create... and share with students... legal. This site effectively eliminates clutter when using online sources. You can save an article without the added advertising.
This is an amazing and free resource that you can use to add a wiki on your own webpage. There is no simpler or easier wiki. It is possible to create a dynamic single page classroom newsletter in which different students create and add content to various categories... easily!

A utility for "zipping" and "unzipping" so-called "ZIP files". A ZIP file both compresses and stores any number of folders and files as a single file.  Verdict: This is an easy-to-use utility for opening and making "ZIP" files.

A great painting application for very young children. This is a highly recommended application. Verdict: A winner!

AT Notes
A wonderful utility for putting "sticky notes" on your computer, including messages with alarms. 

This is another excellent "sticky notes" application for your computer.  You can leave messages with alarms. 

This "classic" and free application allows you to edit HTML files. Verdict: This application is very useful for editing common HTML files. 

This free "FTP" (file transfer) utility makes it very easy to "upload" or copy files from your Windows computer to your ULM website account. 

Filezilla FTP
This is an "FTP" utility for both PCs and Macs.

This is an AMAZING and free application that can completely replace handheld mathematical graphing calculators. Very highly recommended! Here is an interactive visual example made with GeoGebra that combines the concepts of a regression equation ("equation of the line"), the slope of a line, and the y-intercept.

National Library Of Virtual (Math) Manipulatives
This is one of the very best free resources on the Internet for interactive learning with a "virtual manipulative".  There are well over 100 excellent Java applets covering grade level and key categories in math. 

Your Own Math Quizzes: "That Quiz"
This site offers you a way to make free quizzes in math and geography. Highly recommended.

Mind Mapping Software:
This is a free application to create "mind maps" made up of connected "bubbles". It's very easy to organize and conceptualize your ideas with this free online application. Once you create your "mind map", you can "export" it as as a .jpg image and use it any Word or Powerpoint file.

"Get Things Done" Application
This is a an extremely easy to use free online application to keep your lists of things to do. You can create your own categories and move items from category to category. Set up your free account in minutes.  It's very simple and straightforward.

This is the most powerful and useful "getting things done" (GTD) software application available. Highly recommended.  This software closely follows the guidelines of David Allen who authored the productivity bestselling book called Getting Things Done. There is a free version available.

Pivot Stickfigure
This is a free application to create animated "stick figures". Let your creative juices flow! You can easily create and save an animation as an "animated gif" file.
This free software is quite powerful for editing images. It can do nearly anything that Photoshop can do; and that's saying a lot. A steep learning curve should be anticipated. Highly recommended.

Synthesized Speech Audio Files
You can create mp3 audio files with this webpage:

Audacity Audio Editor
"Audacity" is an amazingly powerful free audio editor. With this application, you can do very sophisticated recording and editing of audio files. There is also a free version for the Mac. Make sure that you follow these directions ( for installing the "MP3 LAME codec" file so that you can play, record, and edit mp3 audio files.

A Wiki Application: SpringNote
This wiki allows groups to create and publish online projects.

Capture An Active Window That Has Been "Resized" With "Sizer"
"Sizer" allows you to change the size of an active window to any dimensions that you specify. This may be very useful when you create visual tutorials and you want each window/image to have the same dimensions. So, after you resize a window, you can capture that active window by pressing down on the "Alt" key as you tap on the "Print Screen" key of your keyboard. This allows you to capture the active window. With this application, you can create exact sizes of just the images you want to capture in a visual tutorial.

This free website allows you to use existing interactive quiz/flashcards... or create your own. Here are some student-produced quizlets created by ULM students:
Additionally, there are millions of free interactive quizzes that are ready to use.

You have the option to purchase your own "Quizlet Teacher" account that normally costs $25 per year... at a 20% discount... to get an enhanced account with features that allow you to create your own classes, monitor progress of your students, and provide quizlets without ads. Also, you can create quizlets that include images and audio. If you decide to purchase your own "Quizlet Teacher" account, use this link to order your own "Quizlet Teacher" account at a discount ( ). Disclosure: If you do use this link, an extra 6 months are added to Mike Beutner's "Quizlet Teacher" account. 

Advanced: Here is an example of an "embedded quizlet application" in a blank HTML file:   This visual tutorial shows how you can "embed" a quizlet into a blank HTML page, step by step... and then... upload the HTML file to your ULM student website account. 

This website allows you to create visual timelines of events. If you plan to teach history, you should definitely take a look at this very interesting resource.

Every interested in simple animation? This may be of interest to you.

Math Trainer
This is a very good way to remediate math skill deficiencies.

Created by a publisher, this website is designed to supplement its textbooks at the Middle School and High School levels for Math, Social Studies, Science, Language Arts, and World Languages. The interactive technology activities are surprisingly varied, excellent, and free.

Avoid Copyright Issues! Use These Free Applications!

Source Of Free Legal Photos: Photopin
Use "open source" images for any educational use without any copyright worries by searching from "Photopin" for any images you like. This website then does searches on royalty free repositories of free images. As long as you don't sell anything, you can use any of these images freely without copyright concerns for you or your students.

More Free Legal Images
You can use these images freely:

Even More Great Free Photos
Try using to get absolutely free high quality images created by professional photographers.

Tutorials: Core Skills
Capturing An Image: Presentation, Handout, And A Video
1. This Powerpoint presentation shows how to make a visual 1-slide Powerpoint tutorial that describes how to "capture" an image. (We will use this strategy a great deal during the semester.)

2. This is a 1-slide Powerpoint handout for "capturing" an image.

3. This video tutorial describes how to "capture" an image using the traditional Paint program:

3. This 1-slide tutorial describes how to save a "captured image" as an image file. using the traditional Paint program:

Using ZIP Files

ZIP files are containers of compressed files and folders for easy distribution. This video tutorial shows you how to "zip" and "unzip" "ZIP" files.
[Put a video tutorial here...]

Zip files are used to save multiple files and folders in a single compressed file. Here's an example of a Zip file that contains a number of photos:

Core Skills Resources
Online Tutorials From Microsoft
You can learn practically anything from these Microsoft-produced tutorials:
Online Microsoft Training
These training tutorials cover Word, Powerpoint, Excel and other Microsoft applications. Verdict: Very, very useful.

Avoid "Death By Powerpoint"

Sample Templates
About Me
Use this file to create an "Interactive About Me" Powerpoint presentation. The links allow you to move back and forth using "hyperlinks":
Open or download the Powerpoint file template.

Interactive Powerpoint
Use this template to create an interactive Powerpoint presentation:

Evaluating Websites (1)
Use this file to evaluate websites that support your identified lesson:

How To Evaluate Websites (2)
This is a useful resource for evaluating websites:

Sample Newsletter
Feel free to use and adapt this newsletter template, designed for a unit of instruction. Notice that you can edit many features by copying, pasting, and editing. Also, you can select "objects" and use the CTRL key and the up, down, left, and right keyboard arrow keys to "move" the object exactly where you like.

"Active Worksheet"
This template is a sample "active worksheet". An active worksheet is a powerful tool for incorporating technology. In this example, website credibility is addressed. Students access websites easily and type their answers on the sheet.  This is a very highly recommended technique that can be applied for any type of curriculum .

Excel Gradesheet

An Excel gradesheet template, this file includes a checklist:

An Audio/Visual Example:  Zoo Animals
This web page is a simple example of interactive reinforcement of the names of 6 zoo animals using clickable audio:

Powerpoint: Audio
Sample Multimedia Powerpoint (with clickable audio)

Powerpoint: Interactive Audio
Identical Sample Multimedia Powerpoint (with clickable audio) Using PPS

Powerpoint: Advanced
Sample Powerpoint: Maps/Legends (use of simple effects)

Powerpoint: Advanced
Sample Powerpoint: The "ULM interactive learning model". (use of motion).

Stirring And Evocative: Accessing A Challenging Resource
Just providing a link can open minds to new perspectives and challenges. For example, if you are a high school teacher and the topic of Martin Luther King comes up, you could ask students to access a famous letter that Dr. King wrote from a Birmingham jail. Simply directing students to the online resource could provide an instructive and uplifting opportunity to feel and understand history from a different viewpoint. Here is a link to the famous letter that is considered by many as a beautifully written treatise on justice:

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
I was absent or unavailable. What should I do?
Is there a special preference for sending you email?
What should I do if I miss a deadline for handing in an assignment?
Do I really need to purchase LiveText?
Is a LiveText account absolutely required?

How do I "download" a file?
How do I get my ULM email account?
Is attendance important?
Do I need to purchase a "USB storage device"?
What happens if I lose all of my work?
Can I copy and modify files from this website in any way I like for my own use?
How do "bytes" represent data?
Is there a great book to help me when I teach my own classes?
Is there a wonderful and free resource that I should consider reading?

Moodle Settings For Forum Posts
Please take a moment to change the settings in Moodle so that you can easily see when new posts are made in Moodle forums.
Use this visual tutorial to modify your Moodle settings. Just click on the captured image, directly below:

I was absent or unavailable. What should I do?

If you are absent for a face-to-face class or were unavailable in an online course, immediately do this:
You will receive an email reply from your instructor. By doing this, you will not be penalized if you hand in your late assignment within a week.

What should I do if I miss a deadline for handing in an assignment?
Deadlines for assignments are announced well in advance. When you contact your instructor AND receive a reply from your instructor that excuses you, you are expected to complete a late assignment within one week. Late assignments will NOT BE GRADED without an email confirmation from your instructor; all late assignments will count as a "zero".  

1. If you missed a deadline for an assignment, send your instructor an email message as soon as possible. Notice that your instructor has a preference for receiving email, as described directly below. Only use your warhawks email account, as specified by ULM policy.
2. Include the description and the deadline date of the missed assignment.
3. You will receive an email reply from your instructor. That email message will state that you have the opportunity to resubmit a late file on Moodle by the end of the course; this allows you to receive partial or full credit for a late submission. Otherwise, all late assignments are graded as a "zero".  
4. If your excuse is health-related, keep the original doctor's excuse and be prepared to provide a copy, if requested. Accommodations will be made and stated in email communication.
5. NEVER send a late assignment by email as a file attachment. Your instructor's email account is full. 
Late assignments receive no credit. You are still expected to complete all of your assignments by the end of the semester.

Late assignments will NOT be graded unless you promptly notify your instructor and receive a reply. Any delayed requests for grading late assignments near the end of the semester will NOT be granted.      

Common Questions
Q. I submitted my file by attaching it to a forum post! Doesn't that count?
A. No. In order to receive a grade, you need to submit your assignment as specified in the directions. 

Q. If I didn't upload my file on Moodle, what happens?
A. Make sure that you upload your file on Moodle. Unless you submit your work on Moodle, you won't get any credit for an assignment.

Q. After I upload my file to Moodle, can I access that file?
A. Yes. After you upload your file successfully on Moodle, you will find an active link to your file near the bottom right of the "assignment page".

Q. If I want to make changes before the deadline, can I submit again?
A. Yes. Throughout the semester, you are encouraged to revise/update/improve any of your submitted assignments. 

Q. Can I send you my file(s) as an email attachment(s)?
A. No! Please don't do that. Follow the directions for submitting assignments. Don't email your assignments. 

Q. If I contact my instructor and receive an excuse, can I re-upload my file on Moodle?
A. Yes. You will get either partial or full credit, as stated in the email from your instructor.

Is there a special preference for sending email to your instructor?
Yes! Please use (and adapt) the following bold text in the "subject" line of your email message whenever you send an email to your instructor, using your email account:

     CORS4567, YourFirstName YourLastName, YourEmailTopic

     Please substitute "CORS4567" with the appropriate "course" and course number. Include your name and a description of your topic.

1. This makes it much easier to respond to your email without delay. Your instructor teaches other courses and receives a LOT of email. By including this information in your subject line, you will receive a quicker response to your email message regarding any issue in any course. So, use a very clear subject in your email.

2. Instructor's email address:

3. ULM policy dictates that you only use your ULM "warhawks" email account address

4. Use complete sentences that start with capital letters and end in periods. Avoid using informal "texting" English.  Please spell check your email and check your grammar. Why? This is a minimum professional expectation for written communication. 

I have a question about my online course grades listed in Moodle. What should I do?
If you have any questions about grades posted in Moodle, please contact the GA for the course directly by email. You will receive a prompt reply. Please note that most assignments are on a 25 point scale. 

Do I really have to purchase LiveText? Is it absolutely required?
Yes, you do. It's absolutely required. This is a strict course requirement that is described in the syllabus. Every student taking any course offered by the School of Education is required to have an active LiveText subscription account. You need just one active LiveText account for all of your courses. The LiveText account is an online storage location for evaluation of your finalized class "signature piece" described in your electronic portfolio. Every Education student is required to submit "signature piece files" with a LiveText account.. 

You can purchase a subscription to LiveText at
The requirement for submitting specified files on LiveText is a School of Education policy. Every student taking a course in the School of Education is required to do this.

How do I "download" a file?
"Download" means to copy an online file to your computer. To "download" a file:
Q. What is the difference between "download" and "upload"?
A. "Download" means to copy a file or files from the Internet "down" to your computer. "Upload" means to copy a file or files from your computer "up" to the Internet. To remember this, just think of the Internet as a cloud'; you can copy down from the cloud or up to the cloud.  
How do I access my ULM email account?
You can access your ULM email account when you log into your myULM account. Here is the link:   

Your ULM email account provides many free features. 

Where do I find the syllabus for the course? 
You will find the syllabus for the course online in Moodle on the main page of the course.  

Is attendance or course participation important?
Yes. Attendance and active participation are professional dispositions. Attendance and participation are part of the grade for this course.To succeed in any profession, you should be prepared to be consistently punctual, prepared, and willing to participate.

If you miss a face-to-face class, it is your responsibility to sign the roster at the start of each class. Keep up. Ask questions. During the course, there will be many graded in-class assignments that contribute to your final grade. There will be no opportunity to "make up" any late assignments without a timely and valid excuse that is confirmed by your instructor in writing. Even WITH a valid excuse, you are expected to make up any late work within one week.

For all online courses, participation is both expected and required. In online courses, you are expected to post at least 50 times, thoughtfully, during the course; this requirement is worth 10% of the course grade as course participation.

Do I need to purchase a "USB storage device"?
Get a USB flash drive as a backup of files on your computer. Your USB storage device can store all of your work for all of your courses at ULM. The only problem with a USB flash drive is that it is easy to lose. So, include a file on your USB flash drive with directions for returning your flash drive it if it is lost. 

If you don't make a backup of your work, you risk having to do all of your assignments all over again. Please read the next question...

What happens if I lose all of my work?
If you lose any of your work, FOR ANY REASON, you will be expected to do everything all over again. Please note that it is possible that you may lose your USB storage device with all of your work during the last day of the semester. Yes, it does happen. It really does happen. And, it could happen to you. To avoid that from happening, make a "back up" of your work by copying files to another location every week.

During the semester, "back up" or copy your work often on your email account or online. This serves as a weekly backup of your work. Yes, you should back up all of your work at least every week. It only takes less than a minute. Even if you lose your USB storage device, you will be able to recover nearly all of your current work by copying your backup files. Backing up your data every week is a REQUIREMENT in all courses.

Can I copy and modify files from this website in any way I like for my own use?
The files you find on this website created by Dr. Beutner may be freely used and modified without restriction or permission. You are encouraged to use and modify any of these files as you like! 

How do bytes represent data?
A "byte" represents 8 "bits" of information (28 or 256 total combinations). However, in digital communication, 1 of the 8 bits of a byte is used to check for errors. So, we actually use 7 bits for 128 combinations. Those 128 combinations have been assigned as symbols by an organization called "ASCII" (Pronunciation of "ASCII": ask-key). In other words, there is an agreement on what the 128 digital combinations mean. As a result, a byte can represent any of 128 "ASCII" symbols. Here's the "ASCII" chart, in decimal (base 10), binary
(base 2), and hexadecimal (base 16) formats:

Q. So, every key of an English keyboard represents a single byte that is an "ASCII character"?
A. Yes, that's right. This is true for keyboards that use English.

"bit" = "binary data"  A "bit" is either a "zero" or a "one"... or 2 possible combinations.  
(2 bits = 22 or 4 combinations; 3 bits = 23 or 8 combinations;
4 bits = 24 or 16 combinations, 5 bits = 25 or 32 combinations; 6 bits = 2664 combinations; 7 bits = 27 or 128 combinations)

8 bits = 1 byte
1,024 bytes = 1 kilobyte ("KB" or "K")
1,024 kilobytes = 1 megabyte
1,024 megabytes = 1 gigabyte

Question: What is the difference between a cat and a comma?
Here is the answer, in binary ASCII:
01000001 00100000 01100011 01100001 01110100 00100000 01101000 01100001 01110011 00100000 01100011 01101100 01100001 01110111 01110011 00100000 01100001 01110100 00100000 01110100 01101000 01100101 00100000 01100101 01101110 01100100 00100000 01101111 01100110 00100000 01101001 01110100 01110011 00100000 01110000 01100001 01110111 01110011 00100000 01110111 01101000 01101001 01101100 01100101 00100000 01110100 01101000 01100101 00100000 01101111 01110100 01101000 01100101 01110010 00100000 01101001 01110011 00100000 01100001 00100000 01110000 01100001 01110101 01110011 01100101 00100000 01100001 01110100 00100000 01110100 01101000 01100101 00100000 01100101 01101110 01100100 00100000 01101111 01100110 00100000 01100001 00100000 01100011 01101100 01100001 01110101 01110011 01100101 00101110

A CD-ROM can hold between 640 to 700 megabytes or 0.64 to 0.7 gigabytes.
A typical DVD can hold about 5 gigabytes. A "blu ray" disc capacity is up to 50 megabytes.
Newer USB flash drives can hold 32, 64, 128, 256, 512 or even 1,024 gigabytes of information. (1,024 gigabytes = 1 terabyte)

Q. I'm curious. Is there an agreement on naming symbols for other languages of the world?
A. Yes. An international agreement is evolving to provide characters for all of the languages of the world; it's called "unicode". Here's a link to many different charts of unicode characters:
Unicode can represent many, many more characters because it uses more "bits".

Is there a great book to help me when I teach my own classes?
Yes, there is. Please consider reading the book The First Days of School by Harry Wong, published by Harry K. Wong Publications. This is a wonderful book that shows how to establish a productive learning environment throughout your career. This book will make it possible for you to systematically prepare for a successful day when you meet your first class of students. I highly recommend this book.

Is there a wonderful and free resource that I should consider reading?
Yes, there is.  Here is a free and practical compendium of applied research called What Works in Classroom Instruction. This is an amazing resource that describes, authoritatively, the 9 most effective teaching strategies that can affect student achievement. This highly-regarded national study commissioned by the federal Department of Education identified "the 9 most effective teaching strategies for enhancing student achievement". Based on over 100 studies involving over 4,000 control groups. the study examined "what really works" and summarizes the most comprehensive and rigorous meta-analysis of "effect sizes" for documented effective teaching strategies. In other words, this book details the most effective and "scientifically proven" ways to enhance student achievement. The "effect sizes" of these 9 strategies range from 1.61 to 0.59. 

Marzano, R. J., Gaddy, B. B., & Dean, C. (2000). What works in classroom instruction. Aurora, CO: Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning. 
Click HERE to download the free 180-page PDF document/book.
 These strategies have been thoroughly researched a significant boost in learning and achievement when these strategies are applied.

Some Favorite Educational Websites

Spelling City
Students can learn how to spell words using this highly focused website. Although based on systematic reinforcement, this site does achieve its purpose.

This is a surprisingly interesting and useful learning site.

PBS TeacherSource
This is a comprehensive Website for teachers:

PBS Kids
A wonderful resource area with plenty of educational games:

PBS Main Website
This site contains hundreds of thousands of pages:

NPR Main Website
This is the main site for National Public Radio:

Discovery Channel

MarcoPolo For Teachers

Learning Page For Teachers
This Library of Congress resource is designed for teachers , especially those teaching American History.

Sites For Teachers
This is a list of links of resources for teachers:

Education World
This site has a little bit of everything for teachers:

Virtual Math Manipulatives
Can math be fun and interactive? Yes. These are excellent and free Java applets for interactive learning experiences.

Electronic Examples For Math
This uses interactive examples to illustrate points in math:

NCTM Illuminations
This is a wonderful set of examples in manipulating objects to convey a concept:

Exploratorium for Science

The Science Learning Network

National Geographic For Teachers

This is a technology integration resource for teachers:

History Topics For Teachers

Web English Teacher

Health For Children

Dave's ESL Cafe

Educational Games: K - 3

Arts Education

Interactive Physics Examples

Learning Science And Math With "Gizmos"
This is a commercial site but the sample applications are first-class.

Secret of the Seas
An interesting website that allows young students to explore life under the sea, interactively.

To Excel in the Classroom is Elementary
This is an excellent resource for using Excel appropriately in the classroom. You'll find many, many great ideas about projects that help students to visualize data, an important component of "deep understanding".

NOVA Science Now
This is a superb science website, complete with video clips and transcripts of the television series.

Prentice Hall Algebra 1
This site provides supplementary instruction for an Algebra 1 curriculum including quizzes and activities.

National Association for Music Education
This site was recommended by a student majoring in Music Education:

Louisiana Mathematics Resources

A Sample 1-Page Grant Proposal

How To Make Online Content More Interesting
Although this excellent slide show provides a corporate perspective for training with digital content, you can definitely apply these principles to any type of educational content to enhance and encourage learning:

21st Century Skills Map

iSkills Assessment
This assessment by ETS is designed to measure new technology application skills.

Video Tutorials For Making An Engaging Powerpoint Presentation
These video tutorials show how to create an engaging Powerpoint presentation by providing important points about presentations in general. Although Powerpoint 2007 is used, the skills are similar in previous Powerpoint versions. The principles of effective presentation are identical.

You can briefly view a video slide show made from the Powerpoint presentation:

Free Audio Files
Part of the Creative Commons Project, this site provides a database of free sound files:

Free Music Files
This website provide legal and unlimited music downloads direct from artists, without fees.

Free Music For Remix
Remix music with this website of free music clips:I have a question about my online course grades listed in Moodle. What should I do?

Synthesized Speech And Audio Files From Text
When you type in text, a synthesized voice "reads" your text. You have the option of saving the audio file.

Slide Show Tutorial For Making Presentations Better (Excellent)
Brainpop is an engaging website dealing with many educational topics.
This commercial website contains a wealth of reading material for early readers, including examples of many children's books covering phonemic awareness, vocabulary development, and fluency.  Check the examples of various books for ideas about appropriate content for leveled reading materials:

Kathy Schrock's Guide To Assessment and Rubrics
This is a very handy and practical site for teachers designing their own rubrics. Highly recommended.

Teacher Planet: Rubrics For Teachers
Quite useful and comprehensive, you can glean ideas from these excellent resources regarding rubrics for any curriculum.

This is an amazing site for teachers to find high quality lessons for math and ELA at various grade levels. Although an account is required, it's free. Highly recommended.

Excel Video Tutorials
Creating a classroom seating chart, in Excel.
Advanced: Using the "If" Function 
Advanced: Tips, Form Creation

Interactive Audio Examples Under Development As Open Source Software 
The examples shown directly below do NOT function because "Flash", a key software component, is now disabled in nearly all browsers. These examples will be RECODED/UPDATED in the near future using an open source HTML5 framework that will make it possible to view interactive content on all devices, responsively, as "fliplets". You can find more information here:  /mb
New: The Copperpod Tree
This is an example of excellent audio narrated by Chuck Brown, a professional announcer, to accompany a short story authored by Nadine D'Souza called "The Copperpod Tree":

New: The North Wind And The Sun
This is an example of an international student from Japan called "Keiko" who created a short adapted Aesop's fable called "The North Wind And The Sun". Keiko created images that accompany the narration:

First 50 Sight Words With Audio
All readers need to learn the first 50 "sight words", the most frequent words in English. Move your mouse over the words and click to hear audio. Click on the image below to view the file:
Click to view.
Interactive Audio Story:  "A Great Morning In Louisiana" 
Move your mouse over any sentence and then click to hear audio. To hear the entire story, click on the image. To pause audio, click on the red pause button.
Click to view.
Visual Vocabulary: Interactive Audio With "Rollover Images", Zoo Animals
Directions: Move your mouse over small images (tiger, lion, giraffe, hippo, bison, bear) to see larger images with vocabulary text. Click to hear audio. 
Click to view.
Interactive Audio Sentences For Young Readers: "My Friend, Ace"
Click on a sentence to see and hear very simple sentences.

Interactive Audio For Young Readers: "Ace's New Computer"
Click on a sentence to see and hear very simple sentences.

Interactive Audio: Emergent Reading ("Ten Boxes" Visual Prototype Template)
For very young readers, this very basic example includes the numbers from 1 to 10 with a few simple sight words in repetitive sentences. Click to hear audio. Every elementary teacher could use this!

This "SnagIt" file template is used to create "ten boxes" that contain sentences:
This "SnagIt" file template is used to create ten large "rollover" images::
"Snagit" is an image capture and image editing application that can be downloaded for a 60-day trial from

Working template for "ten boxes" that describes the process of "rollovers":
You can download this "ten boxes template". The "zip file" contains all of the files in the working example.
(After you download this zip file, you'll need to "unzip" it using a "zip file application".)

Interactive Audio: Transportation Vocabulary For Young Readers (Visual Prototype Template)
This working example/prototype provides interactive "visual cues" with optional audio feedback for these transportation words: "airplane, bike, boat, bus, cable car, car, taxi, and train".
Directions: Click on the link below and then move your mouse over any of the images. To hear audio, just click.

Interactive Audio: Preparing For An Emergency (Prototype Template Based On An "Image Map")
This link provides a choice of two audio-enabled pages (sentences and vocabulary) related to the theme of emergency preparation:
These examples are prototypes for a template design that could be used by teachers to author original interactive online audio resources.
Teachers will be able to use this Powerpoint template and their own mp3 audio files to create educational audio applications. 

Note: The examples of interactive audio were developed at ULM as open source applications with open source tools. It is a goal to make this technology as widespread as possible by publishing easy-to-modify file templates, application examples, guides, video tutorials, collections of easy-to-share audio stories, and related academic applications. We seek support for enabling any teacher to create interactive online audio learning applications.

Q. Might this be a foundation for enhancing literacy in Louisiana... and the USA?
A. Yes! It may be possible for teachers to create "online interactive audio resources" that could make a difference in instilling a love of reading by eliminating the chance of failure. Instead of "giving up", learners can use audio feedback to continue reading.

Q. Can this technology be adapted for any reading level, in any language, without cost?
A. Yes,  yes, and...  yes.

Q. How is this technology different from "text-to-speech" computer applications?
A. This technology is very different from "text-to-speech" applications because specialized (and possibly very expensive software!) does not need to be installed on computers. Instead, the links above will work on the Internet immediately, on practically any computer, in any school, without cost. It just works. Instead of playing synthesized audio, learners hear recorded audio files; the sound quality of recorded audio is much more natural and reflects regional intonation and variety... ya'all. 

Q. So, can anyone record mp3 audio files with free editing software like "Audacity"?
A. Yes.

Q. Can I adapt, edit, and distribute these files without restriction?
A. Yes. This is an "open source" resource. You are free to share, modify, and create whatever applications you like using these resources. All of the source files are available; see directly below. 

Q. Are you looking for financial support from a corporation, foundation, or other source to develop, what will become, a free educational online interactive educational resource designed by teachers for school reading programs in the Mississippi Delta region, for young struggling readers?
A. Yes! If you are aware of an opportunity to present a proposal for support, please call 318-342-3142.

Linked Text/Image Rollover/Interactive Audio

This working example combines linked text, rollover images, and clickable interactive audio to describe these basic words to very young readers:
me, eye, mouth, nose, chin, face, hair, neck, head, and cheek.
Directions: Click on the link directly below to open the application. Then, move your mouse over the text links to see images; click to hear audio.
You can download and "unzip" the "source code" files for this working example:

Linked "Image Mapping"/Image Rollover/Interactive Audio
This working example demonstrates the use of "mapped coordinates" of an image to provide interactivity. When a student moves over a number marker, an image appears; by clicking on the number, audio plays immediately. This is designed for young readers, using a static image to provide context.

Directions: Click on the link directly below to open the application. Then, move your mouse over the image. Click to hear audio.
You can download and "unzip" the "source code" files for this working example:

Alternate Method: "Embedded Compressed Audio" in Powerpoint Slides
It's possible to create very high quality interactive audio-enabled resources with Powerpoint by modifying the original mp3 audio files with the open-source application called "CDex" to modify the internal file header of an mp3 file. As a result, easy-to-create learning applications can be created by any teacher, just using Powerpoint and mp3 audio files! Here are three examples language learning applications for French and Mandarin Chinese:

An intermediate French Example:

Basic Chinese Examples:

A Useful And Inexpensive Name Card For Meetings, Seminars, Trainings, And School Functions
Just download the single slide Powerpoint slide and edit the display using your own name and pasted image of yourself. (Yes, part of that editing involves editing text "upside down". Don't worry; just type!)
When finished editing, print out the page and fold it lengthwise, along the middle. Finally, fold along and tuck along the two dotted lines and then "prop up" the folded name tag for prominent disply. When propped up, the name card displays exceptionally well front and back.

Just For Fun
African Music, Interactive
This interactive application allows you to mix music components together in an entertaining and educational way:

Interactive Piano (Based on Java)

Making Puzzles

Sample Interactive Puzzles
These are "executable puzzle files" that only work on computers that are running Microsoft Windows. Each puzzle is nearly a megabyte in size. Can you put these interactive ULM puzzles together? (Note, use the right mouse button to rotate a piece.)

Hard To Categorize: Fund Raising: Getting Technology For Your Classroom
With a  "Digital Wish" on this non-profit website, you can ask donors to make your wish for technology come true.

Creating a Simple Crossword Puzzle (Template)
You can use this very simple file template to create a crossword puzzle for a lesson, with this Excel file:
Directions: Copy and paste cells as needed. 

ULM Faculty Website Template
ULM faculty and staff can download this zip file containing template files for a website. Click here to view an example of an unedited ULM faculty website.

Drawing An Animated Stick Figure
This free software allows you to create an animated stick figure.
Free Software Download: Pivot Stick Figure (Wikipedia description with download link)

Sudoko is a great way to exercise your brain. Do you enjoy challenging puzzles?
Sudoku online puzzles are educational!

Create An Audio WAV File Easily
This website allows you to type in text that is converted to synthesized sound. You can easily save the file as a WAV audio file.

Great Powerpoint Resources
Jefferson County (Tennessee) School Website With Great Powerpoint Resources

Great Powerpoint Resources
This is a surprisingly interesting resource for... best thinking!

An Online Stopwatch

Unsorted... is called "Webquests for Teachers"

The Basics: Uploading A File To My ULM Student Personal Website Account
As a ULM student, you can make any file accessible on the Internet. You just need to "upload" a file (that's properly named!) to your ULM online account. Every ULM student has a personal website account. As a ULM student, you just need to use a free software program to copy your file(s) from your computer to your ULM personal website account. You need this:

Windows Users
If you use Windows, please use the free WinSCP application for transfer of files between your computer and your online account. Directly below is a link to the "portable version" of WinSCP that is part of a "kit" of free "portable applications".  If you use Windows, this "portable publishing kit" contains "portable" applications that can run off your USB flash drive as a complete digital publishing kit. Download and "unzip" this 34.7 megabyte file containing a kit of free portable applications by clicking HERE. A "portable" application can run on Windows without installation. The kit includes a number of free software applications. Will this software work on a Mac? No. However, there are alternatives.  

Mac Users
If you use a Mac, consider using "Filezilla" as a free "FTP" application.    

Q. When I "upload" a file to my online account, does it matter which FTP software I use on my computer?
A. No. It really does not matter. The only purpose of an FTP application is to securely copy your file from your computer, through a network, to your online account. Generally speaking, all FTP applications do the same thing, using the same required information. 

Q. OK. I do want to get my file online so that it is available on the Internet. I've installed a free FTP software application on my computer. What type of information do I need to get my file online, to "upload" it to my online account?
A. With an FTP application, you need to know 3 things to get your file on the Internet, using your ULM personal website account: the "server name" or "host name", your login, and your password. Let's begin!

1. Again, you first need to install a free "FTP application" (FTP = "file transfer" application) in order to "upload" a file or files from your computer to your personal ULM student website account. If you are running Windows, you can use the "portable" version of WinSCP. If you are running a Mac computer, consider using the free "Filezilla" program. (You can use any FTP application that you like.)
2. Important: The way you name your file(s) is very important. An improperly named file may cause errors... It's easy to avoid problems if you do this:
3. Use these "settings" for your "FTP application", described visually:
(Note: In the example, WinSCP is the FTP application. However, you can use any FTP application you like. So, if you use a Mac, your FTP application would also require the same basic information of server name, login, and password. Really, all FTP applications work, more or less, in a similar way; they are much more similar than they are different.The visual tutorial assumes a folder name of "4567" [which you would, of course, change]. In the tutorial, there are two links to online files that no longer exist. Will this be updated in the future? Yes! )

Q. What is the "server name" or "host name" for the ULM server for students?
A.  It's

Q. What is my login ("username") and password?
A. It's the same text that you use when you type in your login and password  for your myULM, ULM email, Moodle, and Banner accounts.

Q. What is the "FTP Port Setting" I should use?
A. Use 5530 as the FTP port setting. .

Example: Accessing An Online Newsletter File Called "proposal.doc"
In this example, let's use a file named called "proposal.doc". Let's see how you would be able to access your online file.
File Name proposal.docx
Folder Name
(EDIT 4567)
Subfolder Name bin                  
(A "bin" is another name for the word "container". In this example, we'll use this "bin" subfolder to store files like documents, presentations, spreadsheets, and other "non-HTML" files.)
Subfolder Name img
Use this subfolder for storing images like .gif, .jpg, or .png files. (In this example, however, we won't need to use this subfolder.)
Subfolder Name mp3
Use this subfolder for storing audio files; these are .mp3 audio files. (In this example, we won't need to use this subfolder.)
Your Login This is your ULM username or login.              (This is what you use to access your myULM account.)
The "URL" or
"Internet Address"
As you can see, the "URL" or Internet address includes your login, the folder you created for the course and another folder called "bin" as a storage folder for non-HTML files like documents, presentations, spreadsheets and other types of files) using the exact names of the files. After you upload a file like "proposal.doc" to your ULM website, you can actively link to the online file from a document or presentation,

Q. Can I put any files I want on my ULM website account?
A. Technically, yes. Always use your website account responsibly, according to stated ULM policies.

Q. Is a "URL" or Internet address "case sensitive"?
A. Yes. If you type INDEX.HTML instead of index.html, for example, the link WON'T work. Tip: It's a very good idea to only use lowercase letters for your filenames until you become proficient with HTML. 

Q. If I include www in the URL or Internet address, will the link to my file work?
A. Yes. On the ULM website, "www" is optional; you may safely not use it.

Q. If I put my files online on my ULM student website account, can I say that this is a "website"?
A. Not really. It just means that you have online files that you can access from your online account.  A website requires creating and editing HTML pages, or webpages, that link to each other.

Q. I'm interested in making my own website. Is it hard to do?
A. No, it's not hard. But, it's not easy, either. It does require that you use some free software, or edit a "template", and then upload linked files, to your ULM website account. The most common HTML file to edit is index.html

Q. What do I need to know to use an "FTP application" to upload a file to my personal ULM personal website account?
A. If you have already installed an "FTP application", you need only three things to upload files to your personal ULM website student account:

1. The "server name" or "host name" for ULM student accounts is on a "server" or "host" called 
2. Your ULM email login.                                Your login is what you type before the "@" symbol:
3. Your ULM email password.                      This is the password you use for your myULM account and other ULM online services.
4. The "FTP Port Setting"                                Use 5530 as the "FTP Port Setting".

If you have this information, you can use any FTP application that works on your computer. It really does not matter which FTP application you use. 

Q. Should I be careful how I name files before I upload?
A. Yes. Naming files that go online requires special attention; nearly all unexpected errors can be avoided by going over these guidelines for naming online files. You can save hours of frustration by naming your files properly. Why? Every Internet address depends on the exact text of file names. Unless you name your online files properly, the links won't work.  

Your Files Online: Your Files & Your Links
Use your ULM personal website account to "upload" your own files inside of the public_html folder of your ULM personal online account. When you do that, the files will be on the Internet. But, YOU need to create the Internet address for each of your online files. This is explained below:
  • Use "FTP" (file transfer) a software program like "WinSCP", a free and easy-to-use Windows-based application for transferring files between your computer and your online folders. For example, for a course called "4567". create an online folder called 4567 "inside" of the online public_html folder of your ULM online account. (Note: You can use any FTP application that you like. For Mac users, consider using "Filezilla", a free (but more complicated) FTP application.) 
  • Then, create online folders named bin and img "inside" of the 4567 folder. This is the "structure":
    • Access your personal online account with an FTP application like "WinSCP".
      • Then, open the public_html folder immediately.  (Warning: Don't "mess with" your account settings!)
        • 4567          (for any HTML files)
          • bin     (for documents, presentations, spreadsheets..)
          • img    (for gif, jpg, and png image files)
          • mp3   (optional, for mp3 audio files)
  • Please don't store any video files on your ULM personal online account. Why? Your online account has limited storage and video files take up a lot of storage space. Instead, use a free account because it offers considerable online storage capacity with additional technical features for smooth playback on all devices. 
  • Eventually, you will "upload" document, presentation, and spreadsheet files into the bin folder.
  • Eventually, you will "upload" your image files into the img folder.
  • Naming files for use on the Internet is very, very important because nearly all errors are caused by not naming online files properly. You can avoid frustration by reading this: Guidelines For Naming Your Online Files
  • Every online file has a unique Internet address or "URL". Who creates the Internet address for an online file? You doEvery Internet address is based on a pattern. Notice the pattern below for examples of Internet addresses based on your personal login. Notice that a portion of the Internet address does not change. Also notice that the Internet addresses involve different online folder locations:

There Is A Pattern
The "first part" of the Internet address does not change. The first part varies with educational institution. 
There is a folder called 4567. There is a subfolder called bin and a subfolder called img.
Please study the pattern above; this pattern does not change.
Just replace yourlogin with your own personal login, the same login that you use for your email account. 

  • In any email, forum post, Word document, Powerpoint presentation, Excel spreadsheet, or HTML file, use the Internet address or "URL" to actively link to an online file. 
  • Eventually, you will use your Internet addresses (or "URLs") to actively link images to any of your online files... using an Internet address that YOU create, following the pattern.
  • Eventually, you will want to use visuals to actively link to online files. (If you can't think of a suitable Internet location to link to... just use as a temporary Internet address.) This should become a professional habit.  Why? People love visuals. Providing an actively linked image makes it easy for your audience to get more information; they will appreciate that you offer that "extra touch" of effective instructional design.  

An Example, Part 1: Getting Ready To "Upload" Your File To Your ULM Website Account  
In this example, let's "upload" or "copy" a file from your computer to your personal ULM online website account using an FTP application. Let's say you want to put a document file online. Let's say that the document name is about-me.docx

Just follow these steps:
  • Access your online account using a free "FTP" application like "WinSCP" or "Filezilla".  
  • Create an online folder on your ULM website account "inside" of your "public_html" folder. Name that folder 4567.  (Described here: )
  • Create another online folder inside of the 4567 folder and call it bin.
  • Ensure that your folder names are lowercase with no spaces, no special characters, and no extra period.
  • Upload your file "inside" the bin folder.
  • Use a "URL" or Internet address to access your online file
Q. If I'm taking a course called EDIT 4567, what is the name of the folder I need to create?
A. In this case, the folder you will create is called 4567. (Of course, this folder name is just an example. In your course, the folder name is named after the course number.)

Q. Do I create the 4567 folder inside of the public_html folder of my website account?
A. Yes. This is very important. You need to open the public_html folder of your website account first.

Q. Then, I create a folder called bin inside of the 4567 folder. Right?
A. Right! This is the folder structure:
  • public_html
      • 4567
        • bin
          • about-me.docx
  • Notice that the 4567 folder is "inside" of the public_html folder.
  • Also notice that the bin folder is "inside" of the 4567 folder.
  • Your file will uploaded "inside" of the bin folder.
  • The URL or Internet address would be:
  • This structure of a "URL" or Internet address does NOT change.

Q. What type of file can I "upload" to the bin folder?
A. The bin folder is a convenient place to store many types of non-HTML files. The word "bin" is just another word for "container". You can store a variety of files in this folder like Powerpoint presentations, Word documents, Excel spreadsheets, and other types of files.

Q. Can I upload as many files as I want to my ULM student website?
A. Technically, yes. But, please avoid uploading large mp4 video files because video files can consume a great deal of storage. There is a limit on file storage and it is possible to exceed your quota if you store many video files on your ULM website account. Still, the storage space is quite large. To avoid any chance of exceeding your quota, please store all of your mp4 video files on your free account. Here is an active link to an online Powerpoint file that includes visual directions for uploading your own mp4 video files on the Internet using your own free account on "". The tutorial was used in a state-wide educational video contest; please ignore the references to the video contest and just focus on how to create your own free "" account that you can use to upload your own "mp4" video files (created with Snagit!). So, upload your video files to your free account; your video file will be available to view on the Internet using a URL provided by

Q.So, is it possible to exceed my quota?
A. It is EXTREMELY UNLIKELY that you can exceed your quota if you upload your video files to your account. Always upload your video files to your free account. Then, just use a URL link to your online video file or files. Links use nearly no storage space!

An Example, Part 2: Naming The File You Want To Upload

Make sure that you name your file without special characters or spaces. Use lowercase letters, numbers and the hyphen character. Don't include punctuation characters. There should only be one period in a file name.

NO:      Introduction.docx    
YES:    introduction.docx  
Why? Don't use uppercase letters in a file name until you get proficient with HTML.   

NO:      my introduction.docx
YES:    my-introduction.docx
Why? Don't use spaces in your file names. Instead, use a hyphen (-) character.

NO:      mike's-introduction.docx
NO:      mike-introduction!.docx
YES:    mike-intro.docx
YES:    mike-introduction.docx
YES:    mikes-introduction.docx
Why? Don't use special characters. The apostrophe (') and the exclamation point (!) are special characters. All punctuation characters are special characters.

NO:      my.introduction.docx
YES:    my-intro.docx
YES:    my-introduction.docx
YES:    myintroduction.docx
Why? Don't use an extra period in a file name. Also, never use punctuation or other special characters (,:?!@#$%^&*()+).

An Example, Part 3: A File Called "introduction.docx"

Your Account Folder public_html
Folder Location 4567
Subfolder Location: bin
File Name introduction.docx
This is an example when you upload a file called introduction.docx to your ULM website account. In this example, you would copy this file to the bin folder which is located inside of the 4567 folder which is inside of the public_html folder. Got it?  Let's look at another example of organization, directly below.   

Another Example, Part 3: A File Called "proposal.docx"

Your Account Folder public_html
Folder Location 4567
Subfolder Location: bin
File Name proposal.docx
In this additional example, notice that when you upload a file called proposal.docx to your ULM website account, you first open the public_html folder. Then, you open the 4567 folder. And, then, finally, you find the bin folder to "upload" the "proposal.docx" file so that it is located inside the bin folder.    

Q. OK. I have uploaded two files to my ULM website account using a free FTP application.  One file is called "introduction.docx" and the other file is called "proposal.docx". They are both located in a "bin" folder. The bin folder is inside of a folder called "4567" (for a course called EDIT 4567; of course change this for your needs). How do I access the files?
A. You can access your online files by using these URLs or Internet addresses. Notice the structure of the "URL" or "Internet address" for each file:

So, as you can see, the "URL" or Internet address includes your login, the folder you created for the course (in this case EDIT 4567), a "subfolder" called "bin" as a storage folder , and the exact names of the files (introduction.docx and  proposal.docx).

Q. Let me get this straight. In this example, I would "upload" introduction.docx and proposal.docx into a subfolder called bin. That bin subfolder in inside of a folder called 4567. Finally, everything is inside of the public_html folder. Right?
A. Right! You got it! You use an "FTP" application to "upload" or copy files from your computer to your online account.

Q. What is the connection between "uploading" and getting my file(s) on the Internet?
A. Any file that you upload inside of the public_html folder is on the Internet.

Q. So, any file that I upload inside of the public_html can be viewed on the Internet using a URL or Internet address?
A. Yes. That's right.  That's how it works. Anything inside of your public_html folder is shared on the Internet...  with everyone else.

Q. Why is uploading files to my ULM student website account useful?
A. When you upload a file to your ULM website, you can actively link to your online file from any email message, forum posting, Twitter "tweet", document, presentation, spreadsheet, blog, wiki, and more...  In other words, with an active link, anyone can click to view your file, directly from your website account. Here's how to link directly to an online file from your document or presentation.

Q. Is a "URL" or Internet address "case sensitive"?
A. Yes. If you type Proposal.docx instead of proposal.docx in the "URL" or Internet address, for example, the link won't work. The text that you type for a URL must be exact. So, don't use capital letters for file names until you know how to use HTML very well.  Not naming a file properly is one of the main reasons people have trouble with uploading files. 

Q. If I include "www" in the URL or Internet address, will the link to my file work?
A. Yes... but you don't need to include "www." in a URL or Internet address. The link (in almost every case) will work without the "www" in the Internet address.
Q. Again, how do I "upload" files to my ULM account"?
A. Again, if you use a PC, the free WinSCP "FTP" application is easy to use. If you use a Mac, you might want to use the free "Filezilla" application. You can use any FTP application you like with these three things: the server or host name (, your login (your own login for ULM email), and your password (your own password for your myULM) account.

Q. Am I responsible for the content I upload to my ULM website account?
A. Yes. Remember to always use your website account responsibly, according to stated ULM policies.

Advanced: Editing HTML With "Kompozer", A Free HTML Editor
Using the free "Kompozer" HTML editor, you can edit a file called index.html that allows you to create a webpage that can link directly to your files. Kompozer runs on Windows, Mac, and Linux. Here's a detailed visual tutorial:

Advanced: Creating Visual Links To Your Files
With the free "Kompozer" HTML editor, edit the template file called index.html that allows you to create a webpage that can link directly to your online files by actively linking "captured" images of your files... to open the same files. It's easier to do than to explain! This is required in Instructional Technology graduate program courses.. You can edit the index.html HTML file and link directly to the files located in the "bin" folder.   [Note, there is newer content. This is provided for reference only.]

Q. How do I access the free webpage template?
A. Here it is:
After you "download" the file and save it to your computer, you will need to "unzip" this "zip file".  [Note, there is newer content. This is provided for reference only.]

Q. How do I edit the free "template"?
A. After you view the template, it will be apparent that you can make a webpage that links to your own files using links from your own "captured images":

Q. Is it possible to create a linked list of resources?
A. Yes! Here's an example of a single page of links to online resources:

Q. If I need help, what should I do?
A. Just send an email to with your phone number. Or, call (318) 342-3142 during office hours and leave your phone number twice.)

Q. Is there an example of how the Internet addresses of "project files" for a class project would look?
A. Yes. Here's a visual example of a files related to a class project. The links do not work; you would need to upload the files to your online account and replace  yourlogin with your own login. Replace "4567" with the name of a different online folder name,  depending on the course you are taking.


Review: How To Access An Online File With A "URL" Or "Internet Address":

Review: The "URL" (or Internet address) includes your own login, the folder you created for the course (in this example, "4567"), a "subfolder" called "bin" as a storage folder, and the exact names of the files (introduction.docx and  proposal.docx).

Q. Does the text for the Internet address ("URL") have to be exact?
A. Yes. The URL text has to be exact. Otherwise, the link will NOT work.

Q. Is the file name an essential part of the Internet address ("URL")?
A. Yes. The file name, in part, makes up the URL.  If a file name is not named properly, unexpected errors may occur.

Q. Are errors caused by not naming files properly?
A. Yes. Here is a guide for avoiding common errors in naming files.  

Q. So, if I want others to access one of my online files, I need to provide a URL or Internet address. Right?
A. Right!

Q. Is there a unique URL for every single file on the Internet?
A. Yes! To access any online file, you need to use a unique Internet address or URL. Every URL is unique.

How Do I Create A Visual Webpage With Menu?
UPDATED Graduate Students: Use This Recommended "Course Web Template With Menu" To Display Your Reflection Files In A Webpage  

Course Web Template With Menu (New!)
1. Download and unzip this course web "template":

2. After you "unzip" the file, you will find a folder called "5024" containing these two subfolders and their files, as shown in this image:

This "course web template" contains
folders and files in one folder called "5024".
Edit the reflections.html file.

3. Notice the file called reflections.html is shown in the image. It is an HTML file that you can edit as a template. You'll need to use free software, explained in the tutorial, to edit this HTML file.

4. You can create a webpage called reflections.html or edit the new "web template". Your instructor recommends the second option. 
    A. To create a new reflections.html webpage, follow this detailed step-by-step visual tutorial:
    B. Or, you can "skip ahead" by using the new "course web template" and edit it during the semester. 
         Use the same tutorial to edit the reflections.html webpage with Kompozer, a free HTML editor.
         Instead of creating folders, subfolders, and uploading files.... just copy the entire 5024 folder (the "course menu template") into the public_html folder of your ULM website account.
         When you do that, the webpage is immediately available on the Internet using this Internet address:
         Replace yourlogin with your own log in. If the course number is different, just rename "5024" using the course number of your course; the design and organization is similar. Then, make minor edits using Kompozer.   

Q. Can I get an idea what the reflections.html file looks like when it's online?
A. Of course! Here's what it will look like:

Q. So, I upload the entire folder at once into the public_html folder of my online account, right?
A. Right! But, before you start, spend a chunk of time with this detailed visual tutorial:
     Consider the tutorial as a book that you did not have to purchase!

Q. Will the tutorial show me how to edit an HTML file using Kompozer?
A. Yes.

Q. Should I budget some time to practice?
A. Yes!

Q. Will I get help in the forums?
A. Yes.

Q. Will that detailed visual tutorial show me, step by step, how to get my files on the Internet by "uploading" them to my ULM personal website account?
A. Yes. The first 10 slides show how to access your ULM website account. At first, your website account will be empty. The rest of the visual tutorial shows how to edit an HTML file.

BASIC GUIDELINES: How Do I Get My File(s) On The Internet?
Please read carefully in order to understand the basic concepts of HTML files or "webpages".

Another Modified Example Of A "Visual Webpage"
To view the "Praxis example", a basic "visual webpage":

To download the "Praxis Template", click on this link to download a "zip file": http://beutner/praxis/
After you download and "unzip" this, you will see folders and files... that you can edit and adapt.

Here are the directions:
This webpage describes the "Praxis example" of a visual webpage using captured images to link to online files with an explanation of the structure of the webpage template.

*A cat has claws at the end of its paws while the other is a pause at the end of a clause.