Table of Contents

Evolutionary Psychology: The Ultimate Origins of Human Behavior

Chapter 1. Origins: The Roots of Evolutionary Psychology

Darwinís Theory

††††††††††† Solving the Great Puzzle

††††††††††† Basic Tenetís of Darwinís Theory

The Modern Synthesis

††††††††††† Mendelís Laws



Behavior as a Function of Evolution

††††††††††††††††††††††† William James

††††††††††††††††††††††† The Abuse of Darwinism

††††††††††††††††††††††† Environmental Determinism

††††††††††††††††††††††† Ethology

††††††††††††††††††††††† Altruism and Sociobiology

††††††††††††††††††††††† Evolutionary Psychology

††††††††††††††††††††††† The Methods of Evolutionary Psychology

Chapter Summary

Chapter 2. From Big Bang to Big Brain

††††††††††† Life in the Universe

††††††††††† The Beginning

††††††††††† Vertebrate Life

††††††††††† Hominid Evolution

††††††††††††††††††††††† Africa: Cradle of Human Evolution

††††††††††††††††††††††† Bipedalism

††††††††††††††††††††††† The First Humans

            Chapter Summary

Chapter 3. Encephalization and the Emergence of Mind

The Prime Movers in Hominid Encephalization

††††††††††††††††††††††† Machiavellian Intelligence

††††††††††††††††††††††† The Ice-Ages

††††††††††††††††††††††† Ballistic Hunting


††††††††††††††††††††††† Intraspecific competition

The Modular Brain

††††††††††††††††††††††† Localization of Function


The Modular Mind

††††††††††††††††††††††† Fear Learning

††††††††††††††††††††††† Social Reasoning

††††††††††††††††††††††† Gender Differences

Chapter Summary

Chapter 4. Language: Crown Jewel of Communication

††††††††††† The Nature of Language

††††††††††††††††††††††† Animal Communication

††††††††††††††††††††††† Animal Language Studies

††††††††††††††††††††††† Feral Children

            Language Acquisition

††††††††††††††††††††††† Developmental Stages

††††††††††††††††††††††† Critical Periods

††††††††††† Language Evolution

††††††††††††††††††††††† Universals

††††††††††††††††††††††† Ancient Origins

††††††††††††††††††††††† Conceptual Domains

††††††††††† Chapter Summary

Chapter 5. Mating and Reproduction

††††††††††† Sexual Selection

            ††††††††††† The Evolutionary Basis of Sex Differences in Human Behavior

            ††††††††††† Mate Selection Criteria

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The Preferences of Men

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The Preferences of Women

            The Aesthetics of Attraction

††††††††††††††††††††††† Symmetry

††††††††††††††††††††††† Waist-Hip Ratio

††††††††††††††††††††††† The Masculine Ideal

††††††††††††††††††††††† The Feminine Ideal

Human Pheromones

††††††††††† Menstrual Synchronicity

††††††††††† Major Histocompatibility Complex Preferences

††††††††††† Male Pheromones

††††††††††† Female Pheromones

††††††††††† Jealousy and Mate-Guarding

            Sperm Wars

††††††††††† Sexual Orientation

††††††††††† Pair-Bonding Strategies

††††††††††††††††††††††† Limerence: Short-Term Pair-Bonding

                        Long-Term Pair-Bonding

††††††††††† Chapter Summary

Chapter 6. Ontogeny

Pre-Natal Development

††††††††††† Why Ontogeny Seems to Recapitulate Phylogeny

††††††††††† Regulator Genes

††††††††††† The Adaptive Function of Morning Sickness

††††††††††† Mother-Fetus Competition

Post-Natal Development

††††††††††† A Priori Mind

Parent-Infant Conflicts of Interest

††††††††††† Incest Avoidance

††††††††††† Evolved Contingency Mechanisms

Childhood Experience and Adult Reproductive Strategy

Childhood Experience and Adult Personality

††††††††††††††††††††††† Birth Order and Adult Personality

Optimizing Cognitive Potential

    ††††††††††††††††††† The Adaptive Function of Menopause

Chapter Summary

Chapter 7. Social Order and Disorder

            Dominance Hierarchies: The Coordination of Affiliation and Aggression

††††††††††††††††††††††† The Biochemistry of Status and the Function of Mood States

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Serotonin

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Testosterone

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Stress Hormones†††††††††††††††††††††

††††††††††† The Evolution of Compassion

††††††††††††††††††††††† Kin Selection and Altruism

                        Reciprocal Altruism

††††††††††††††††††††††† Universal Morality and Ethics

††††††††††† Chapter Summary

Chapter 8. Personality and Psychopathology

Early Personality Theorists

Contemporary Approaches to Personality Theory

            The Case Study Research Paradigm: The Clinical Approach to Personality

            Trait Theory

            Factor Analysis: A Major Tool of Correlational Research

The Three Factor Model of Personality

The Five Factor Model of Personality

Evolutionary Theory and Personality

            The Adaptive Significance of Personality Traits

            Phylogeny and Ontogeny of Personality

Personality and Abnormal Behavior

            Axis I Psychiatric Diagnoses




            Axis IIPersonality Disorders

                    Antisocial and Histrionic Personality Disorders

                    Borderline Personality Disorder

                    The Other Axis II Personality Disorders

Chapter Summary

Chapter 9. The Creative Impulse: The Origins of Technology and Art

††††††††††† Tool-Use

††††††††††††††††††††††† In Non Human Animals

††††††††††††††††††††††† The Hominid Archaeological Record

††††††††††††††††††††††† Tool-use as a selective force in Human Evolution

                        Assessment of Hominid Cognitive Ability

††††††††††† Aesthetic Manipulation

††††††††††††††††††††††† Pleistocene Cave Art

††††††††††††††††††††††† The Adaptive Significance of Art

††††††††††† Consciousness and the Symbolic Universe

††††††††††† Chapter Summary

Chapter 10. Ancient Mammal in a Brave New World

††††††††††† Mismatch Theory

††††††††††† Stress: Then and Now

††††††††††† Mental Health

††††††††††† Indoctrination, Nationalism and War

††††††††††† Better Living through Chemistry: Psychopharmacology

††††††††††††††††††††††† The Origins of Substance Abuse

††††††††††††††††††††††† Psychopharmacology

††††††††††† The New Eugenics: Genetic Engineering

††††††††††† Chapter Summary


Appendix A: Wason Selection Tasks for Cheater Detection (Cosmides & Tooby, 1992)

            Cheater Version

††††††††††† Altruistic Version

Appendix B: Neurotransmitters: A Primer